Aerospace engineers

Description

Aerospace engineers research, design and develop aerospace vehicles, aerospace systems and their components, and perform duties related to their testing, evaluation, installation, operation and maintenance. They are employed by aircraft and spacecraft manufacturers, air transport carriers, and in government and educational and research institutions.

Job duties

  • This group performs some or all of the following duties:
  • Design and develop aerospace vehicles, systems and components such as aircraft, spacecraft, missiles, satellites and space-based communication systems
  • Develop and conduct computer simulations of aerospace vehicles, systems and components using advanced mathematical modelling
  • Prepare specifications for materials and processes to be used in aerospace manufacturing, maintenance, repair or modification
  • Supervise and co-ordinate the manufacturing, assembly, modification, repair and overhaul of aircraft and spacecraft
  • Co-ordinate ground and flight tests of air and spacecraft
  • Develop operational specifications, maintenance schedules and manuals for operators
  • Develop the technical phases of logistical and operational support for aerospace vehicles and systems
  • Investigate and report on structural or other component or system failures, accidents or incidents and prepare recommendations for corrective action.

Education: Bachelors degree(4 year minimum)

Apprenticeship: co-op internship

Licensure and Professional Association: (PEng)Mandatory

Average Salary: 154,000 CAD information by salaryexplorer.com

Job Trends: Good

Top Colleges: Because one of the requirements to be eligible as a PEng in Canada is to have graduated with an undergraduate degree from a Canadian university. If not, the full range of exams are required, at significant cost, and with no guarantee of acceptance due to provincial quotas.

1. Carleton University

Carleton University is a research and teaching institution founded in 1942 by the community to meet the needs of the veterans who were returning home from World War II. Currently, the university has over 31,000 students and is one of the leading institutions in quality education especially in the fields of humanities, engineering, computer sciences, and international business.

Carleton’s Master of Applied Science (MASc) and Master of Engineering (MEng) degrees for aerospace engineering are offered through the Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. One of the advantages in enrolling in a Master’s degree in aerospace engineering at Carleton is the research collaborations and funding arrangements with several institutes and major industry partners such as the Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd, Pratt & Whitney Canada Inc., and Magellan Aerospace.

2. Concordia University, Montreal

Concordia University, Montreal is a public comprehensive university with more than 50,000 students. The university is a result of the merger of Loyola College and Sir George Williams University in 1974. Concordia University has ranked number one among the comprehensive universities for humanities grants and social sciences.

Aside from the Bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering, Concordia University offers an MEng specializing in aerospace engineering. Students taking up a Master’s degree have access to state-of-the-art computer facilities and are trained with various aerospace industry partners such as Aveos Fleet Performance, Bombardier Aerospace, Canadian Space Agency (CSA), and Pratt & Whitney Canada. The following areas of specialization that can also be chosen are aeronautics and propulsion, avionics and control, structures and materials, and space engineering.

3. McGill University

McGill University is a research university founded in 1821 and now has over 40,000 students. It is recognized as an institution with an excellent teaching and research program and is home to 145 McGill students who have been awarded a Rhodes Scholarship. The university has also been awarded as the number 1 among the medical-doctoral universities for 14 consecutive years.

McGill University offers a program on Minor Aerospace Engineering. This Bachelor’s degree offers a capstone aerospace design project in the last year of the program in collaboration with local aerospace companies. Those who want to study further can take up a Master’s degree in aerospace engineering that is offered by the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Students can specialize in any of the four areas, namely: aeronautics and space engineering, avionics and control, aerospace materials and structures, and virtual environment.

4. Royal Military College of Canada

The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) is a military college of the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) where military officers can pursue a degree while undergoing training. Eligibility for undergraduate and graduate students includes being a current serving member of the CAF, an honorably released member of CAF, an employee of The Department of National Defense (DND) or another Federal government department, or a spouse of a member of CAF, although they also accept civilians for graduate studies. It was founded in 1874 and now offers degrees in arts, science, and engineering.

Professionals who wish to take up a Master’s degree in aerospace engineering at RMC can apply for a Master of Engineering or Master of Applied Science for aeronautical engineering. Advanced studies in various fields are offered including dynamics and control, thermo fluids, solid mechanics and materials.

5. Ryerson University

Students who wish to pursue a Master’s in aerospace engineering in Canada can find a wide variety of opportunities at Ryerson University. Ryerson or RyeU is a public research university in Canada with over 45,000 students. The university was founded in 1948 and had just 250 students in its founding year. It received official university status in 1993 and has been one of the leading institutions for research and innovation ever since.

Ryerson offers MASc, MEng or Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) degrees in aerospace engineering. Some of the research areas for its programs are on aircraft conceptual design, multidisciplinary design optimization, cooling of gas turbine blades and thermal management in aerospace systems, robotics, control and aircraft systems, spacecraft orbit, sun sensors, star trackers, sensor processing, and rover navigation. The Department of Aerospace Engineering has established partnerships with various aerospace organizations and has hugely contributed to the development of strategic plans on the provincial, national, and international levels.

6. University of Toronto

The University of Toronto (U of T) is a research university founded in 1827. It has 3 campuses in Mississauga, Downtown Toronto, and Scarborough, and is home to over 90,000 students. U of T has ranked successfully in several international institution rankings including the Times Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong, QS World University Rankings, US News Best Global Universities, and the NTU Ranking.

Interested students who wish to enroll for aerospace engineering courses in Canada can apply for MASc, MEng and Ph.D. degrees at U of T. Research areas include aircraft flight systems and control, computational fluid dynamics, aerodynamic shape optimization, multidisciplinary optimization of aircraft, and spacecraft dynamics and control.

7. University of Windsor

The University of Windsor (UWindsor) is a comprehensive research university that offers various undergraduate and graduate programs including law, business, engineering, science, and education. It was founded in 1857 and approximately 15,00 students are enrolled annually.

Graduate students who wish to pursue a Master’s degree in aerospace engineering can apply for a MASc and MEng in mechanical engineering with specialization in aerospace. Its MASc program is research-based where students are required to complete 4 graduate-level courses and a thesis. The MEng program, on the other hand, requires students to complete eight courses. At Windsor, graduate students have the opportunity for professional development: scholarships and graduate assistantships are available by application.

 

Job titles

  • aerodynamics engineer
  • aeronautical engineer
  • aerospace engineer
  • structural engineer, aerospace
  • aircraft design engineer
  • stress engineer – aerospace
  • test engineer, aerospace
  • systems engineer, aerospace